(The three daughters of Máhtáráhkká)
Sáhráhkká («The first mother» – the Sami equivalent of Venus) is the protector of the pregnant women. She is the Goddess of fertility, menstruation, love, sexuality, pregnancy and childbirth. She is the first to receive the human soul from Radien-Pardne, her brother. Sáhráhkká is a spin goddess who lives beneath the fire place. She creates the bodies of babies in her own body and puts them into the wombs of women so they become pregnant. All babies that Sáhráhkká puts in a womans womb are girls.
Juksáhkká, Sáhráhkkás sister, is the goddess who lives beneath the back of the tent or house, behind the fire place. She decides wheather the unborn baby will become a girl or change to a boy. Juksáhkká is often pictured carrying a bow and an arrow and she is the guide of boys to grow up to become good hunters.
Uksáhkká, the third sister, is a goddess who lives beneath the door. She looks after the newborn baby, protecting it from ills and keeping it safe. Uksáhkká is especially present when the child start to walk.
Al-Lat-Al-Uzza-Manat (North Arabia)
Al-lāt is also explicitly attested from early Islamic records discussing the pre-Islamic period. According to the Book of Idols (Kitāb al-ʾAṣnām) by Hishām ibn al-Kalbi, the pre-Islamic Arabs believed Al-lāt resided in the Kaʿbah and also had an idol inside the sanctuary.
Al-‘Uzzá was also worshipped by the Nabataeans, who equated her with the Greek goddess Aphrodite Ourania (Roman Venus Caelestis). A stone cube at aṭ-Ṭā’if (near Mecca) was held sacred as part of her cult. She is mentioned in the Qur’an Sura 53:19 as being one of the goddesses that people worshiped. The temple dedicated to al-‘Uzzá and the statue itself was destroyed by Khalid ibn al Walid in Nakhla in 630 AD.
The pre-Islamic Arabs believed Manāt to be the goddess of fate. She was known by the cognate name Manawat to the Nabataeans of Petra, who equated her with the Graeco-Roman goddess Nemesis, and she was considered the wife of Hubal.
Laima is the deity of fate and its personification, whether as luck or as bad luck. The name is similar to laime — "luck, fortune" with both grammatical variants traceable in folklore material, but the name of this deity varies in different sources. She assists in childbirth and is honored by both maidens and married women. Laima controls the most important events of a person's life, such as birth, marriage, and death.
Kārta, a goddess of fate and destiny, similar to Laima and Dēkla. Kārta is much less mentioned in the song texts (only seventeen texts in Latvju Dainas), but she is still used to construct the "three fates" concept. She may be of local origin, known mostly in western districts of Latvia.
Dēkla is a deity of fortune and destiny. One of the first mentions of her is in Paul Einhorn's Historia Lettica (1649), where her name is spelled as Daekla. Dēkla is found in very few folklore texts, mostly those from the western part of Latvia.
Urðr-Verðandi-Skuld (Old Norse)
There are three Norns (Old Norse: “Nornir”) in Norse mythology and they live at the well Urd in Asgard (home of the Gods and Goddesses). Their names are:
Urd: “What Once Was” (Old Norse “Urðr”)
Verdandi: “What Is Coming into Being” (Old Norse “Verðandi”)
Skuld: “What Shall Be” (Old Norse “Skuld”)
The three Norns are the Goddesses of fate in Norse mythology.
They spend most of their time spinning the threads of life, to decide the fate of all living beings. The three Norns does this by sitting at the root of Yggdrasil and weave the faith of every living being into a web or thread. The three Norns starts every morning by placing a rooster at the top of Yggdrasil. The sound of the rooster is a wake-up call for all the Gods and Goddesses in Asgard. Every morning the Norns also carry water from Urd’s well and pour it over Yggdrasil which is the tree of life. The water from this well is very important to keep Yggdrasil green and healthy.
The Norns were very respected in Viking age, and it was quite common to serve a woman who just had given birth to a child some porridge, they called this porridge for “Norn porridge”. The Vikings believed the Norns were always nearby whenever a child was born. The porridge was considered an offering to the Norns, They hoped the porridge would please the Norns and secure good health for the mother and the child.
In Irish mythology, Banbha, Fódla & Éiriu are three sister Goddesses of the 'Tuatha de Dannan' whose names were given to the land of Ireland. Today Ireland is predominantly referred to as 'Éire' whereas the others are seldom used, unless as aesthetic or poetic terms.
This Trinity is an excellent representation of 'Mind, Body and Soul' with regards to Irish, or Celtic, identity and beliefs.
Mind (Banbha): Psychology, Psychopathy, Memory, Depression, Creativity, Music, Art etc.
Body (Fódla): Exercise, Nutrition, Toxins, Supplementation, Healing, Yoga, etc.
Soul (Éiriu): Spirituality, Consciousness, Respect, Consideration, Reality, Meditation, Religion, Philosophy and Natural Sciences, Environment etc.
Mórrígan (mohr-ee-ghan, mohr-ῐ-Ύan, mohr-ee-ĕn): The ‘great queen’, goddess of war fury in early Ireland; often named with the definite article, ‘the Mórrígan’; one of the trio Mórrígna with Badb and Macha.
The Morrígan is the first in the Celtic Tuatha de Danann series. Set against a stormy sky illuminated by a full moon, the three sisters Badb, Macha, and Nemain oversee the events of a battle. A crow flies over the scene of a blood stained background littered with fallen warriors, known as "the Morrigan's acorn crop" or "Macha's acorn crop." The Morrigan is a goddess of battle and death, but also fertility. Her name means either "phantom queen" or "great queen." She is sometimes considered a single Goddess that is part of a tripartite, or the name of the tripartite itself.
A nude goddess, often standing on a lion and holding snakes, plants, or both, is a very familiar figure to archaeologists working on Late Bronze Age sites (ca.1500-ca.1200 BCE) throughout the Levant. Plaques, pendants, and figurines of this goddess abound, but it is by no means clear who she was. A few scholars have identified her with Anat, more think she was Astarte, and some argue for Asherah.
Anat. Those who opt for Anat normally start from the assumption that the beautiful, young female warrior was also a sex / fertility goddess, and they usually base this view on a probable misinterpretation of at least one of the mythic texts from Ugarit, an ancient city on the coast of Syria In addition, they take the figure's nudity to signal sexuality and fertility
Astarte. The proponents of Astarte's candidacy call one form of the images "Astarte plaques". They explain this identification in large part by Astarte's popularity in the first millennium BCE as the Phoenician lover of the god Adonis and so as deity of love and sexuality, of the evening star (Aphrodite/Venus), and of war.
Asherah. The case for the images representing Asherah derives partly from the assertion that, in the Ugaritic texts, Asherah was called "Lion Lady" Primarily, however, some scholars think that some of the Ugaritic texts referred to Asherah as the "Holy One," Qadesh(ah). And they use as additional evidence a group of Egyptianized images usually called Qudshu plaques.
Hecate In Greek mythology, a powerful goddess who became the patron of magic and witchcraft. Hecate has three aspects: goddess of fertility and plenty; goddess of the moon; and queen of the night, ghosts and shades. In her moon-goddess aspect, she is often part of a trinity with Selene and Diana/Artemis.
The Romans considered adopted Hecate as a part of a triplicity of the Triple Moon Goddess consisting of;
Diana: Full moon
Proserpina: The lunar phases
Hecate: The new moon
Modern neo-paganism will often divide the moon phases as Waxing, Full and Waning and associate Hecate with the Waning phases.
The Fates – or Moirai – are a group of three weaving goddesses who assign individual destinies to mortals at birth. Their names are;
Clotho: The spinner
Lachesis: The alloter
Atropos: The inflexible
In the older myths, they were the daughters of Nyx, but later, they are more often portrayed as the offspring of Zeus and Themis. In Orphic cosmogony, their mother is said to have been Ananke or Necessity. Either way, they had enormous power and even Zeus was unable to recall their decisions.
The Three Charities, the three goddesses generally accepted as the Graces represented grace, charm and beauty also had other qualities that they were associated with:
Aglaia represented elegance, brightness and splendor
Thalia represented youth, beauty and good cheer
Euphrosyne represented mirth and or joyfulness
The main role of the Three Graces was to bestow beauty, charm, and goodness on young women and to give joy and the feeling of well being to people in general. Closely associated with the Nine Muses they were also considered patrons of music, poetry and dance.
The Furies (Erinyes), the three infernal goddesses of vengeance and retribution personified conscience and punished crimes and each also had specific traits that they were associated with:
Megaera: Jealous one
Tisiphone: Blood avenger
Alecto: Unceasing in pursuit
The Furies were virgin goddesses, but they were not beautiful or innocent like other goddesses. Their appearance was frightful, they were horribly ugly, hideous, merciless, full of blood lust and madness. They carried a whip of vipers. The writer Ovid, in Metamorphoses, describes the Furies with Tisiphone wearing "a robe all red with dripping gore and wound a snake about her waist". The snakes that were entwined in her hair were described as "The snakes, dislodged, gave hissing sounds; some crawled upon her shoulders; some, gliding round her bosom, vomited a slime of venom, flickering their tongues and hissing horribly."
The Hours (Horae) are the three daughters of Zeus and Themis ...
The Hours assist their father Zeus by organizing the seasons and adding balance to nature ... for that reason, they are sometimes called the Seasons. Just as their names imply, the Hours give harmony, justice and peace to all who honor and respect them ... there is however the potential for divine wrath for those who ignore their authority. As the daughters of Zeus, the Hours hold considerable influence over the way their father rewards and punishes his subject mortals.
One of the responsibilities of the Hours is the security of the vast sky and Mount Olympos. The Hours guard Mount Olympos with a dark veil and open and close the gates of the sky for the Immortals as they travel to and from their domains.
In Greek mythology, Gorgons or Gorgones were described as three powerful female monsters creatures, the daughters of Phorcys and Ceto. The names of the three Gorgons were Stheno, Euryale, and Medusa. Of the three sisters only Medusa was mortal, and so it was her head which King Polydektes of Seriphos commanded the young hero Perseus to fetch.
Stheno: The eldest of the Gorgons. She was known to be the most independent and ferocious, having killed more men than both of her sisters combined.
Euryale: The second eldest one. According to some versions,, Euryale was transformed into a Gorgon because of standing with her sister Medusa.
Medusa: Originally a ravishingly beautiful maiden. Poseidon had raped her in Athena's temple, the enraged Athena transformed Medusa's beautiful hair to serpents and made her face so terrible to behold that the mere sight of it would turn onlookers to stone.
The Graeae were three sisters of fate who shared one eye and one tooth in Greek mythology. They were born as old women:
The number three is of great symbolical meaning in many myths. The Graeae share certain similarities with the three Norns, known as ‘Shapers of Destiny’ in Norse mythology. The Norns were goddesses who ruled the fates of people, determined the destinies and lifespans of individuals.
One might also compare the Graeae with the three spinners of Destiny, the Moirai who were also called the Fates in Greek mythology. The three Moirai determined the span of human life of every mortal from birth to death. They were so powerful that no god had the right or the means to alter their decisions.
According to Pausanias in the later 2nd century AD, there were three original Muses:
Aoidē: Song or voice
Meletē: Practice or occasion
Together, these three form the complete picture of the preconditions of poetic art in cult practice. In Delphi three Muses were worshipped as well, but with other names: Nētē, Mesē, and Hypatē, which are the names of the three chords of the ancient musical instrument, the lyre. Alternatively they were called Cēphisso, Apollonis, and Borysthenis, whose names characterise them as daughters of Apollo. In later tradition, four Muses were recognized: Thelxinoē, Aoedē, Archē, and Meletē, said to be daughters of Zeus and Plusia (or of Uranus).
They were recognized in three aspects as part of a triad of goddesses consisting of Trivia, Luna the moon goddess and Diana the goddess of the hunt.
Trivia: The Roman goddess of crossroads and guardian of roads. Her name is derived from the Latin word 'Trivia' meaning "three ways" from 'tri' meaning three and 'via' meaning way or road. In Latin, ‘trivialis’ appertained to the crossroads where three roads met, which came to be known, in towns, as the ‘trivium’, or the public place. As the guardian of roads she watched over the public paths and roads and protected travellers.
Luna: The Roman Goddess personifying the moon. Luna had the additional unique quality of being a protectress of charioteers.
Diana: Roman goddess of the moon. More specifically, she was the Roman counterpart to Artemis, known originally as a goddess of hunting once again.
The Parcae controlled the metaphorical thread of life of every mortal and immortal from birth to death. Even the gods feared them, and by some sources Jupiter was also subject to their power. The names of the three Parcae are:
Nona: Greek Clotho, who spun the thread of life from her distaff onto her spindle
Decima: Greek Lachesis, who measured the thread of life with her rod
Morta: Greek Atropos, who cut the thread of life and chose the manner of a person's death.
The earliest extant documents referencing these deities are three small stelae (cippi) found near ancient Lavinium shortly after World War II.
Anu (Akkadian): Sumerian An, Mesopotamian sky god and a member of the triad of deities completed by Enlil and Ea (Enki). Like most sky gods, Anu, although theoretically the highest god, played only a small role in the mythology, hymns, and cults of Mesopotamia.
Enlil: Mesopotamian god of the atmosphere. Enlil meant Lord Wind: both the hurricane and the gentle winds of spring were thought of as the breath issuing from his mouth and eventually as his word or command.
Ea (Akkadian): Sumerian Enki, Mesopotamian god of water. From a local deity worshiped in the city of Eridu, Ea evolved into a major god, Lord of Apsu (also spelled Abzu), the fresh waters beneath the earth (although Enki means literally “lord of the earth”). In the Sumerian myth “Enki and the World Order,” Enki is said to have fixed national boundaries and assigned gods their roles.
The Hindu triumvirate consists of three gods: Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. These gods are responsible for the creation, upkeep and destruction of the world.
Vishnu: The preserver of the universe.
Shiva: The destroyer of the universe in order to recreate.
Brahma: The creator of the world and all creatures. His name should not be confused with Brahman, who is the supreme God force present within all things.
Brahma is not worshipped and there are very few temples in his honor due to 'mythological' reasons. Vishnu (and the incarnations of Him, Rama and Krishna), Shiva (and his various forms), their wives, are very popular with numerous temples and followers. The wives of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva are Saraswati, Laxmi, and Parvati, respectively. Collectively, they are sometimes referred to as Divine mother (or Shakti). Two of Parvati's fierce but very powerful forms are Durga and Kali.
Mitra-Indra-Varuna (Early Vedic, Aryan)
Mitra in historical mythology was a god of the Vedas (according to early Indo-European religious documents), at a time when both the Persian and Indian peoples worshipped the same gods, following similar religions. At this early stage, Mitra was a very prominent god. Varuna and Mitra were the older, biological brothers to Indra and Vishnu. Mitra was also called Surya. Varuna, Mitra, and Indra presided as the ruling trinity of the Vedic gods.
In both India and Persia, Mitra fell from prominence. In India, when Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva ascended to heaven, they replaced Varuna, Mitra and Rudra in their respective places in the ruling trinity.
In Persia, Mitra was also subsumed, but here matters took a very different turn. Here, no later than 600 BC, a new religious teacher rejected the worship of the established trinity of Varuna, Mithra and Indra. He emphasized the eternal struggle between a force of good (Ahura Mazda) and a force of evil (Ahriman). This teacher was named Zoroaster or Zarathustra.
However, at some point after the reform of the Persian religion by Zoroaster, some Persians began to revive the worship of Mitra as a savior god who was the Way, the Truth, and the Light. He died for our sins. In time, the veneration of Mitra spread to many foreign lands, including in Europe.
Odin, Vili and Ve were the first Holy Triad or Holy Trinity. The children of Bergelmire, the giants, became aware of Buri, his son, Borr. They began waging war against the new race of Gods. War between these two races was inevitable because they represent the opposing forces of order and chaos. This titanic struggle lasted for eons. Neither race was able to gain the upper hand until Borr took Bestla as his wife and produced his three sons;
Odin: Spirit, passion
Vili: Will, intent
Ve: Sanctuary, temple, or holy enclosure
There is an intricate symmetry to the force of Odin, Vili and Ve. Odin is the inspiration that creates an idea. Vili is the will that transforms an idea into reality. Ve is the sacred that gives individuality to the creation. The three must work together for creation to occur.
"Esus-Lugus, Taranis, and Teutates as a triad receiving human sacrifice may thus roughly match the Scandinavian set of Odin, Thor, and Freyr in pagan Sweden, who were given human victims at Uppsala up to the Christianization in the eleventh century. They, like Jupiter-Mars-Quirinus, were a stylized Western Indo-European embodiment of the erstwhile tripartite pantheon, thus a match for the Eastern structure first glimpsed at Mintanni[Mitra-Varuna, Indra, Nasatya.]" (Jaan Puhvel, Comparative Mythology)
Teutates: He is identified with Mars or Mercury, and receives as human sacrifice drowned captives and fallen warriors.
Esus: He is identified with Mercury too, but also with Mars, and he accepts as sacrifice prisoners who are hanged on trees and then dismembered.
Taranis: The Celtic ‘Thunder-God’, who is identified with Jupiter, as a warlord and a sky god. Human sacrifices to Taranis were made by burning prisoners. [Jaan Puhvel, Comparative Mythology]
Bitol, Alom and Qaholom are the gods who participated in the creation of human beings along with Tzacol.
As in Egypt there is the Supreme Being standing at the head of a Trinity composed of itself, so also in Mexico. There we are told, "all that exists is the work of Tzacol" — who by his will caused the universe to spring into existence, and whose names are:
Bitol: The maker
Alom: The engenderer
Qaholom: He who gives being.
The fact that the same doctrine of a Supreme Deity composed of three parts distinct from each other, yet forming one, was universally prevalent.
The Mitanni Aryan deities are listed twice: in the Mitanni-Hatti treaty and the Hatti-Mitanni treaty (found at Boğazköy, El-Amarna, finally at Yurgan Tepe) between Sattiwaza of Mitanni and Suppiluliuma, the Hittite king.
In the original language of the treaty, "the Mitanni King Sattiwaza has them listing gods named 'Mitrassil', 'Uruwanassil' and 'Indar' which are clearly the Vedic gods Mitra, Varuna, and Indra, the first two simply with '-il,' a Semitic element for 'god,' added."
According to the early history of Prussia described in Grunau’s chronicle, Potrimpo, Perkūnas and Peckols represented a trinity of gods whose cult has allegedly been established in Prussia by their arriving from the Scandinavia brothers: Widewut and Bruten, founders of the sanctuary in Romowe-Rikijot. Already at first glance we can notice that the characteristics of this Prussian triad of gods described by Grunau were:
Potrimpo: God of sea or great lakes, youth and gaiety
Peckols: God of dead and night-time, old age and ghostliness
Perkūnas: God of thunder, maturity and anger
It is possible that this “order” of the features and functions of the Prussian chief gods has its beginning in the Proto-Indo-European beliefs. As an example we can give the Indian holy trinity – the Trimurti, consisting of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, with Brahma caring for the growth, Vishnu – the excellent retention of shape, and Shiva – disintegration and death. Such an approach allows also to formulate a thesis that the triad described by Grunau reﬂects (at least in respect of boys and men) the horizontal organization of the Old Prussian society in terms of age.
(Olympian Demiurgic Triad)
Homer's triad, Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, personified as brothers, represent sky, sea, and under-world. Now such a group is triadic but it lacks the essential element of a trinity; it consists not in homogeneous but in heterogeneous elements. Its oneness is because the group is diverse from other groups, not because its parts are triune. Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades are as a group the great spiritual powers ruling three different realms; but they are not united in any way till made into brothers. They are mutually antagonistic. So in the case of triads not mythological but ethical.
Zeus: God of light and the sky. Consciousness.
Poseidon: God of the sea. Emotions.
Hades: God of the underworld. Shadow repressions, dark side.
The combination of trinity with unity is reproduced in the three Kronid brothers, Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto or Aidoneus; all born of the same parents, and having different regions of the material creation severally assigned to them by lot.
Jupiter: God of light and the sky. Consciousness.
Neptune: God of the sea. Emotions.
Pluto: God of the underworld. Shadow repressions, dark side.
(The Divine Trinity)
The Roman triad of Jupiter (the supreme god, a god of the sky and light), Juno (the consort of Jupiter regarded as presiding over matters of particular concern to women), and Minerva (a goddess presiding over all handicrafts) corresponds to the Etruscan Tinia, Uni, and Menrva.
Tinia or Tin: (also, according to some sources, Tunia) The most important Etruscan divinity. The husband of Uni, he is the equivalent of the Greek Zeus and Roman Jupiter. It may also be possible to identify him with Voltumna, god of the Etruscan Federation.
Uni: The highest goddess in the Etruscan pantheon, and patron of Perugia. She and Tinia were the parents of Hercle. Her Greek equivalent was Hera, while the Romans assimilated her as the goddess Juno.
Menrva or Menerva: Born from the head of Tinia. She was the goddess of strategy, war, art, schools and trade. She corresponds to the Roman Minerva and the Greek Athena.
Greek mythology as it is known to us did not generally set up a Divine Triad or Holy Family, through there were parts of the Greek world where Zeus, Hera and Dionysus were worshiped together, for instance on Lesbos. This of course reflects the structure we saw in the late Bronze Age with Drimios son of Zeus. The gods and goddesses of Rome began taking on the forms that we would recognize today during the dynasty of the Etruscan kings that ruled in the 6th century BC. During this period, the Romans adapted a group of three Etruscan gods as the focus of state worship. These gods were worshiped at the grand temple on the Capitoline Hill, and, as such, became known as the Capitoline triad. The triad consisted of;
Jupiter (Zeus): Father
Juno (Hera): Mother
Minerva (Athena): Daughter. The wise. Athena was the Triple Goddess is also identified as Neith, the Triple Goddess of Libya, and lived in an era in which the fatherhood was not acknowledged. Symbolizes the feminine content that is oriented toward the masculine and particularly helpful to it.
Once the rule of the Etruscan dynasty ended in 509 BC, Rome became a republic. The Roman Republic was ruled by two chief magistrates, each of whom was elected to a one-year term. During this period, the Capitoline temple became the focus of public worship.
Because the entire world to the Indo-Europeans was divided into three parts, so their divinities also came in sets of three. Such a trinity could be found among the Norse at the temple of Uppsala in Sweden where the images of Thor, Odin and Frey were housed side by side. Taking the central position was Thor who held a sceptre to his hand, symbolic of his power and authority over all. To his left stood Odin, the god of war, who was represented as holding a spear and on his right stood the goddess Frey who represented peace and prosperity. A seperate priest was assigned to each divinity to give them offerings on behalf of their adorants. Offerings were made to Thor to ensure a good rainfall and bountiful harvest, while during times of war offerings were made to Odin. To ensure a prosperous marriage and healty offspring, offerings were made to Frey. The three gods could also be considered as having represented the three functions Indo-European society was divided into;
Odin: The warriors
Thor: The rulers
Frey: The cultivators.
A still more archaic triad was found at Rome in the form of the three major flamens, or priestsi serving the trinity of Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus. These apparently had been the three major deities of Rome during the time of Numa Pompilius, this king being said to have appointed the flaments. Despite the lack of remains a temple must surely have existed that would have housed their three images. Being the leading gods of Rome, Jupiter, Mars and Quirinus represented the three aspects Roman society was divided into;
Jupiter: The rulers
Mars: The soldiers
Quirinus: The general populance.
There is reason to suspect that Hera, in agreeing to Dionysus's entry to Olympus, functions as a sort of adoptive mother. In the archaic Lesbos of Alcaeus and Sappho, we encounter Dionysus as a part of a trinity with Zeus and Hera, which was worshiped throughout the island. Scholars have suggested that;
Hera: Functions here as a form of great goddess
Zeus: Hesa's paredros
Dionysus: Divine child.
In Orphic tradition, Hipta, a version of the Anatolian great goddess Hepat, was the figure who first received the newborn Dionysus from the thigh of Zeus, perhaps part of Orphic tradition already in the fourth century B.C.E., a role quite similar to that played by Hera in Tiresias's exegesis.
(The Abydos Triad)
Osiris, with his sister-consort Isis and their son Horus, formed the great triad of Abydos (Abdu, about 520 km south of Cairo). He was credited with teaching the skills of agriculture to the Egyptians.
The Triad represents the Osiris myth which is the most elaborate and influential story in ancient Egyptian mythology. It concerns the murder of the god Osiris, a primeval king of Egypt, and its consequences. Osiris’ murderer, his brother Set, usurps his throne. Meanwhile, Osiris’ wife Isis restores her husband’s body, allowing him to posthumously conceive a son with her. The remainder of the story focuses on Horus, the product of Isis and Osiris’ union, who is first a vulnerable child protected by his mother and then becomes Set’s rival for the throne. Their often violent conflict ends with Horus’ triumph, which restores order to Egypt after Set’s unrighteous reign and completes the process of Osiris’ resurrection. The myth, with its complex symbolism, is integral to the Egyptian conceptions of kingship and succession, conflict between order and disorder and, especially, death and the afterlife. It also expresses the essential character of each of the four deities at its center, and many elements of their worship in ancient Egyptian religion were derived from the myth.
(The Triad of Memphis)
"I (Ramses III) made for thee (Ptah) a mysterious shrine of Elephantine granite, established with work forever, of a single block, having double doors of bronze, of a mixture of six (parts), engraved with thy august name, forever. Ptah, Sekhmet, and Nefertem rest in it, while statues of the king are by their side, to present offerings before them."
The triad Ptah-Shu-Tefnut, with the gods of the second generation of the Heliopolitan Ennead associated in Memphis as aspects (or consorts) of Ptah, “illustrate also the amalgamation of two theological concepts.”
Ptah: The Creator, chief god of Memphis, who created the Moon, the Sun, and the Earth. One tradition held that he had created all things from mud; another, that he spoke the names of all things and his will created them from his words.
Sekhmet: A goddess of war, love and protection, the consort of Ptah was sometimes called the Lady of the Place of the Beginning of Time, the Lady of Pestilence and Goddess of Vengeance.
Nefertem: The son of Sekhmet and Ptah. A leonine god he was called defender of the two lands, and protector of the two lands.
Nimrod-Semiramis(Isthar)-Tammuz(Marduk) (Babylon, Akkadian)
Semiramis, Nimrod's wife was “the Mother of god”. After Nimrod’s death, she attempted to cover over her incenstuous relationship with her son – by declaring that he was both the Father and the Son. This concept was difficult for her followers to understand, so she told them that it was a “Divine Mystery” – that was not comprehendable. And thus, “god the father” and “god the son” was invented way back then – in Ancient Babylon.
And yet, Semiramis insisted that there were not 2 gods, but rather one. Just two aspects of the same god. On earth, while still alive, Nimrod was the man-god of Babylon – represented by the Sun (as a solar god). All the sun-gods that were formed around the pagan world after him, were all fashioned in his likeness. They maintained different names – but were still recognized as carbon copies of the original sun-god of Babylon, known as Nimrod.
Nimrod’s wife declared herself to be a moon-goddess. She gave herself glorious titles such as “queen of heaven” – “ever virgin” – “Mediatrix” and “mother of god”. She thus made herself into the perfect female image – by which all future goddesses were copied or molded after.
Since the entire family of Nimrod was involved in this rebellion against Jehovah God, it became a trinity affair of sorts. Hence the first trinity was born – there in Babylon – and has spread its tentacles around the world – when the Babylonians were scattered abroad.
Nimrod: God, the father
Tammuz: God, the son
Semramis: Dove. Spirit that held this holy union together.
In Mesopotamian religion Shamash was the Akkadian name of the sun god, corresponding to Sumerian Utu. In mythology, Shamash was the son of the moon god Sin (known as Nanna in Sumerian), and thus the brother of the goddess Ishtar (Sumerian: Inanna), who represented the great "star" of Venus. In early inscriptions, Shamash’s consort was the goddess Aya, whose role was gradually merged with that of Ishtar. In later Babylonian astral mythology, Sin, Shamash, and Ishtar formed a major triad of divinities, which still today plays an important role in astrological systems, though under different names.
Sin: The moon god
Shamash: The sun god
Ishtar: Goddess of war and sexual love
Zeus, Athena, and Apollo may be instanced as constituting the greatest triad of the Greek gods, each embodying to the Greek mind one of the forces of nature:
Zeus: The ruler of earth and heaven, the god producing storms, darkness, and rain
Apollo: The "shining one", the sun god
Athena: The queen of the air, worshipped in a variety of aspects and especially at Athens as Pallas-Athena, the goddess of wisdom and handcrafts.
Apollo utters the decision of Zeus. "These three surpass all the other gods in moral character and in providental care over the uniiverse. They sustain such intimate and endearing relations to each other, that they may be said to 'agree in one'". Yet the Greek trinity, while it gives us three persons, does not give us oneness of essence. It is a system of tritheism.
|Üç kadın:||Üç erkek:||İki kadın bir erkek:||İki erkek bir kadın:|
|Uksáhkká-Juksáhkká-Sáhráhkká (Sami)||Anu-Enlil-Ea (Sümer)||Tinia-Uni-Menrva (Etrüsk)||İsis-Horus-Osiris (Mısır)|
|Al-Lat-Al-Uzza-Manat (Kuzey Arabistan)||Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva (Hint)||Jupiter-Minerva-Juno (Roma)||Ptah-Sekhmet-Nefertem (Mısır)|
|Laima-Kārta-Dēkla (Letonya)||Mitra-Indra-Varuna (Vedik, Aryen)||Nimrod-Semiramis-Tammuz (Babil, Akad)|
|Urðr-Verðandi-Skuld (Eski Nors)||Odin-Vili-Ve (Eski Nors)||Sin-Şamaş-İştar (Akad)|
|Ériu-Banba-Fódla (Kelt)||Teutates-Taranis-Esus (Kelt)||Odin-Thor-Frey (Eski Nors)|
|Macha-Morrígan-Badb (Kelt)||Bitol-Alom-Qaholom (Maya)||Zeus-Athena-Apollo (Yunan)|
|Qudshu-Astarte-Anat (Mısır)||Mitrassil-Indar-Uruwanassil (Mitanni)||Zeus-Hera-Dionysus (Yunan)|
|Hecate-Artemis-Selene (Yunan)||Potrimpo-Peckols-Perkūnas (Prusya)|
|Clotho-Lachesis-Atropos (Yunan)||Zeus-Poseidon-Hades (Yunan)|
|Aglaea-Euphrosyne-Thalia (Yunan)||Jupiter-Neptune-Pluto (Roma)|
|Alecto-Megaera-Tisiphone (Yunan)||Jupiter-Mars-Quirinus (Roma)|
Ölüm doğum yeniden doğum ve benzeri nedenlerle içsel olarak birbirine bağlı olan üç varlık.
Üçün içindeki bir ya da birin içindeki üç. Üçlü görünümle ortaya çıkan.
Vücudun üç parçası olarak bir araya geldiğinde üçü oluşturan.
Aynı doğal özelliklere sahip üçlü.